Exploring Tanzania’s Climate, Seasonal Variations, and Weather

Tanzania’s climate varies from tropical on the coast to temperate in the highlands. Coastal areas are warm year-round, while the northern highlands are cooler. Knowing these variations helps plan the best time to visit.

JANUARY

In January, Tanzania experiences diverse climatic conditions across its regions due to its vast size and varying topography. Here’s a breakdown of the climate factors you mentioned:
Temperature: In January, Tanzania generally experiences warm to hot temperatures. Coastal areas, including Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar, typically have temperatures ranging from 25°C to 32°C (77°F to 90°F). Inland areas such as Arusha and Dodoma might have slightly cooler temperatures, ranging from 20°C to 28°C (68°F to 82°F). The higher altitude areas like the Southern Highlands and Mount Kilimanjaro can be cooler, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 25°C (50°F to 77°F).
Precipitation: January marks the middle of the dry season in Tanzania, especially in the central and northern parts of the country. Rainfall during this time is generally minimal, particularly in regions like the Serengeti, Tarangire, and Ngorongoro Crater. However, some coastal areas, such as Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar, might still experience occasional showers or short thunderstorms due to the influence of the Indian Ocean.
Humidity: Coastal areas tend to have higher humidity levels compared to inland regions. Along the coast, humidity levels can range from 70% to 90%, making it feel more oppressive, especially when combined with higher temperatures. Inland areas generally have lower humidity levels, which can range from 40% to 60%.
Sunshine: Tanzania experiences abundant sunshine in January, especially in the northern and central regions. Expect clear skies and plenty of sunshine, making it ideal for outdoor activities such as safaris and beach outings.
Winds:  Coastal areas might experience moderate to strong sea breezes, providing some relief from the heat. Inland regions might have variable wind patterns, but generally, winds are not a significant factor in January.
Regional Variations:
Coastal Areas: High humidity, warm temperatures, occasional showers, and sea breezes characterize coastal regions like Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar.
Northern Safari Circuit: Areas like the Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, and Tarangire National Park experience dry conditions with warm temperatures, perfect for wildlife viewing.
Southern Highlands: Regions like Iringa and Mbeya might experience cooler temperatures due to higher altitudes, with minimal rainfall.
Mount Kilimanjaro: Expect cooler temperatures and possibly some precipitation at higher elevations, but lower slopes remain dry and sunny.
Overall, January offers favorable weather conditions for tourists visiting Tanzania, with dry and warm weather prevailing in most areas, making it an excellent time for safaris, beach holidays, and outdoor adventures.
FEBUARY
In February, Tanzania’s climate continues to exhibit variations across different regions, although there are some similarities to January. Here’s how the climate factors you mentioned typically play out in February:
Temperature: Similar to January, February remains warm to hot in most parts of Tanzania. Coastal areas experience temperatures ranging from 25°C to 32°C (77°F to 90°F), while inland regions may have slightly cooler temperatures. Higher altitude areas like the Southern Highlands and Mount Kilimanjaro can still be relatively cool, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 25°C (50°F to 77°F).
Precipitation: February generally marks the tail end of the short dry season in Tanzania. Rainfall is minimal in most regions, particularly in the central and northern parts of the country. Coastal areas might still experience occasional showers or thunderstorms, but they are usually short-lived and do not significantly affect travel plans or outdoor activities.
Humidity: Coastal areas continue to experience higher humidity levels compared to inland regions. Humidity along the coast can range from 70% to 90%, creating a muggy atmosphere, especially when combined with warm temperatures. Inland areas typically have lower humidity levels, ranging from 40% to 60%.
Sunshine: February offers plenty of sunshine across Tanzania, particularly in the northern and central regions. Clear skies and abundant sunlight make it an excellent time for outdoor activities such as safaris, hiking, and beach outings.
Winds: Coastal areas may still experience moderate to strong sea breezes, providing some relief from the heat. Inland regions generally have variable wind patterns, but strong winds are not common during this time of the year.
Regional Variations:
Coastal Areas: High humidity, warm temperatures, and occasional showers or thunderstorms characterize coastal regions like Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar.
Northern Safari Circuit: Dry conditions prevail in wildlife areas like the Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, and Tarangire National Park, making it an excellent time for safari adventures.
Southern Highlands: Cooler temperatures persist in areas like Iringa and Mbeya, with minimal rainfall.
Mount Kilimanjaro: While lower slopes remain dry and sunny, higher elevations may still experience cooler temperatures and some precipitation.
Overall, February offers favorable weather conditions for travelers visiting Tanzania, with dry and warm weather prevailing in most regions. It’s a great time for outdoor exploration and wildlife viewing, making it popular among tourists seeking safari adventures and beach holidays.
MARCH
In March, Tanzania’s climate begins to transition as it moves towards the long rainy season. Here’s how the climate factors typically unfold across the country during this month:
Temperature: March still generally sees warm to hot temperatures across Tanzania. Coastal areas maintain temperatures ranging from 25°C to 32°C (77°F to 90°F), while inland regions experience similar conditions. Higher altitude areas like the Southern Highlands and Mount Kilimanjaro may begin to warm up slightly as they approach the end of the cool season.
Precipitation: March marks the start of the long rainy season in Tanzania, especially in the central and northern parts of the country. Rainfall becomes more frequent and intense, with afternoon thunderstorms becoming common, particularly in the afternoons. Coastal areas may still experience sporadic showers, but the intensity and frequency of rainfall increase as the month progresses.
Humidity: Humidity levels remain relatively high along the coast, ranging from 70% to 90%, contributing to the muggy conditions. Inland areas may experience increasing humidity as rainfall begins to saturate the atmosphere.
Sunshine: Sunshine hours may decrease slightly compared to previous months as cloud cover increases due to the onset of the rainy season. However, there are still periods of sunshine, especially in the mornings.
Winds: Coastal areas may experience variable winds, including occasional strong sea breezes. Inland regions might also experience gusty winds accompanying thunderstorms.
Regional Variations:
Coastal Areas: Increasing rainfall and high humidity characterize coastal regions like Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar. Afternoon thunderstorms become more frequent as the month progresses.
Northern Safari Circuit: March marks the beginning of the wet season in wildlife areas like the Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, and Tarangire National Park. Wildlife viewing can still be rewarding, but the landscape becomes greener, and some animals disperse due to the availability of water sources.
Southern Highlands: Rainfall becomes more frequent in areas like Iringa and Mbeya, signaling the start of the wet season. Temperatures may begin to rise as the cool season comes to an end.
Mount Kilimanjaro: Higher elevations may experience increased precipitation as the month progresses, with temperatures gradually becoming milder.
Overall, March marks the transition towards the wet season in Tanzania, with increasing rainfall and humidity levels across most regions. While it’s still possible to enjoy outdoor activities and wildlife viewing, travelers should be prepared for occasional rain showers and thunderstorms, especially in the afternoons.
APRIL
In April, Tanzania experiences a transitional climate as it moves from the long rains season to the drier period. Here’s a breakdown of the climate factors you mentioned:
Temperature: April marks the beginning of the cool season in Tanzania. Temperatures are generally warm during the day, ranging from around 25°C to 30°C (77°F to 86°F) in most areas. However, temperatures can vary depending on altitude and location. Coastal areas tend to be slightly warmer than inland regions.
Precipitation: April typically sees a decrease in precipitation compared to the previous months, but some areas may still receive rainfall, especially in the northern and western regions of the country. The southern and eastern parts of Tanzania tend to experience less rainfall during this time.
Humidity: Humidity levels may vary across different regions of Tanzania in April. Coastal areas usually have higher humidity levels due to their proximity to the ocean, while inland regions may have lower humidity levels.
Sunshine:  April offers plenty of sunshine hours across Tanzania. However, there might be occasional cloud cover, especially in areas where rainfall is still occurring. Overall, expect sunny days with some intermittent cloudiness.
Winds: Winds in April are generally light to moderate. Coastal areas might experience slightly stronger breezes, influenced by the Indian Ocean. Inland regions typically have calmer winds during this time.
Regional Variations:
Coastal Areas: Coastal regions, such as Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar, tend to be warmer and more humid compared to inland areas. These areas might still experience occasional showers in April.
Northern Area: Northern Tanzania (including Serengeti, Ngorongoro, and Kilimanjaro): This region might still receive some rainfall in April, especially early in the month. Temperatures are pleasant during the day but can get cooler at night, particularly in higher-altitude areas like Kilimanjaro.
Southern Area: Southern Tanzania (including Selous and Ruaha National Parks): This region typically experiences drier conditions in April with lower chances of rainfall. Temperatures remain warm during the day.
Western Area: Western Tanzania (including Katavi and Mahale National Parks): Similar to the south, western Tanzania tends to be drier in April with warm daytime temperatures and cooler nights.
Overall, April in Tanzania offers favorable weather conditions for outdoor activities such as safaris and beach vacations, with decreasing rainfall and comfortable temperatures across most regions. However, it’s always a good idea to check specific forecasts for the area you plan to visit, as weather patterns can vary locally.
MAY
In May, Tanzania experiences a shift in its climate as it moves further into the long rainy season. Here’s what you can expect across various climate factors:
Temperature: May typically sees mild to warm temperatures across Tanzania. Coastal areas maintain temperatures ranging from 23°C to 30°C (73°F to 86°F), while inland regions experience similar conditions. Higher altitude areas like the Southern Highlands and Mount Kilimanjaro may have slightly cooler temperatures, ranging from 15°C to 25°C (59°F to 77°F).
Precipitation: May is well within the rainy season in Tanzania, especially in central and northern regions. Rainfall becomes more frequent and intense, with prolonged showers and thunderstorms. Coastal areas may also experience significant rainfall during this time, contributing to the overall wet conditions across the country.
Humidity: Humidity levels remain relatively high across Tanzania, particularly in coastal areas where humidity can range from 70% to 90%. Inland regions may also experience increased humidity due to the ongoing rainfall.
Sunshine: Sunshine hours are typically reduced in May due to increased cloud cover associated with the rainy season. While there are still periods of sunshine, especially in the mornings, expect more overcast skies compared to dry season months.
Winds: Variable winds are common during the rainy season, with gusty winds accompanying thunderstorms. Coastal areas may experience strong sea breezes, especially before or after rainfall.
Regional Variations:
Coastal Areas: May sees significant rainfall along the coast, including cities like Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar. Heavy showers and thunderstorms are common, leading to temporary disruptions in outdoor activities.
Northern Safari Circuit: The Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, and Tarangire National Park receive substantial rainfall in May. Wildlife viewing can still be rewarding, but the landscape becomes lush and green, and some areas may become inaccessible due to flooding.
Southern Highlands: Rainfall continues to be frequent in regions like Iringa and Mbeya, with temperatures remaining relatively mild. Agricultural activities benefit from the moisture, but travelers should be prepared for wet conditions.
Mount Kilimanjaro: May sees increased precipitation on Mount Kilimanjaro, particularly at higher elevations. Trekkers should be prepared for wet and muddy trails, although the mountain’s weather can be unpredictable.
Overall, May brings wet and humid conditions to Tanzania, with frequent rainfall and overcast skies across most regions. Travelers should pack accordingly and be prepared for potential disruptions to outdoor activities due to the rainy weather.
JUNE
In June, Tanzania continues to experience the rainy season, although the intensity of rainfall may vary across different regions. Here’s what you can expect in terms of climate factors:
Temperature:June typically sees mild to warm temperatures across Tanzania. Coastal areas maintain temperatures ranging from 22°C to 28°C (72°F to 82°F), while inland regions experience similar conditions. Higher altitude areas like the Southern Highlands and Mount Kilimanjaro may have slightly cooler temperatures, ranging from 14°C to 24°C (57°F to 75°F).
Precipitation:  June is within the peak of the rainy season in Tanzania, especially in central and northern regions. Rainfall is frequent and can be heavy at times, with prolonged showers and thunderstorms. Coastal areas may also experience significant rainfall during this time, contributing to the overall wet conditions across the country.
Humidity: Humidity levels remain relatively high across Tanzania, particularly in coastal areas where humidity can range from 70% to 90%. Inland regions may also experience increased humidity due to the ongoing rainfall.
Sunshine: Sunshine hours are generally reduced in June due to increased cloud cover associated with the rainy season. Overcast skies are common, although there may still be occasional periods of sunshine.
Winds: Variable winds continue to be common during the rainy season, with gusty winds accompanying thunderstorms. Coastal areas may experience strong sea breezes, especially before or after rainfall.
Regional Variations:
Coastal Areas: June sees continued significant rainfall along the coast, including cities like Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar. Heavy showers and thunderstorms are frequent, leading to potential disruptions in outdoor activities.
Northern Safari Circuit: The Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, and Tarangire National Park receive substantial rainfall in June. Wildlife viewing can still be possible, but the landscape is lush and green, and some areas may be inaccessible due to flooding.
Southern Highlands: Rainfall persists in regions like Iringa and Mbeya, with temperatures remaining relatively mild. Agricultural activities benefit from the moisture, but travelers should be prepared for wet conditions.
Mount Kilimanjaro: June sees continued precipitation on Mount Kilimanjaro, particularly at higher elevations. Trekkers should be prepared for wet and muddy trails, although the mountain’s weather can be unpredictable.
Overall, June brings wet and humid conditions to Tanzania, with frequent rainfall and overcast skies across most regions. Travelers should be prepared for potential disruptions to outdoor activities due to the rainy weather and plan accordingly.
JULY
In July, Tanzania continues to experience the peak of its rainy season, particularly in central and northern regions. Here’s what you can expect in terms of climate factors:
Temperature: July typically sees mild to warm temperatures across Tanzania. Coastal areas maintain temperatures ranging from 21°C to 27°C (70°F to 81°F), while inland regions experience similar conditions. Higher altitude areas like the Southern Highlands and Mount Kilimanjaro may have slightly cooler temperatures, ranging from 13°C to 23°C (55°F to 73°F).
Precipitation: July is typically one of the wettest months in Tanzania, with heavy rainfall occurring across much of the country. Central and northern regions, including the Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, and Tarangire National Park, receive substantial rainfall. Coastal areas may also experience significant precipitation during this time, leading to potential flooding and disruptions in travel plans.
Humidity: Humidity levels remain relatively high across Tanzania, particularly in coastal areas where humidity can range from 70% to 90%. Inland regions may also experience increased humidity due to the ongoing rainfall.
Sunshine:

Sunshine hours continue to be limited in July due to persistent cloud cover associated with the rainy season. Overcast skies are common, with occasional breaks of sunshine.
Winds: Variable winds are still common during the rainy season, with gusty winds accompanying thunderstorms. Coastal areas may experience strong sea breezes, especially before or after rainfall.
Regional Variations:
Coastal Areas: July sees continued heavy rainfall along the coast, including cities like Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar. Flooding may occur in some areas, leading to potential disruptions in transportation and outdoor activities.
Northern Safari Circuit: The Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, and Tarangire National Park receive significant rainfall in July, with the landscape becoming lush and green. Wildlife viewing can still be possible, but some areas may be inaccessible due to flooding.
Southern Highlands: Rainfall persists in regions like Iringa and Mbeya, with temperatures remaining relatively mild. Agricultural activities benefit from the moisture, but travelers should be prepared for wet conditions.
Mount Kilimanjaro: July sees continued precipitation on Mount Kilimanjaro, particularly at higher elevations. Trekkers should be prepared for wet and muddy trails, although weather conditions can be unpredictable.
Overall, July brings continued wet and humid conditions to Tanzania, with heavy rainfall and overcast skies across much of the country. Travelers should exercise caution and be prepared for potential flooding and disruptions to outdoor activities.
AUGUST
In August, Tanzania transitions towards the end of the rainy season, with decreasing rainfall compared to previous months. Here’s what you can expect in terms of climate factors:
Temperature: August generally sees mild to warm temperatures across Tanzania. Coastal areas maintain temperatures ranging from 21°C to 27°C (70°F to 81°F), while inland regions experience similar conditions. Higher altitude areas like the Southern Highlands and Mount Kilimanjaro may have slightly cooler temperatures, ranging from 12°C to 22°C (54°F to 72°F).
Precipitation: August marks the tail end of the rainy season in Tanzania, especially in central and northern regions. While rainfall may still occur, it tends to be less frequent and intense compared to earlier months. Coastal areas may experience occasional showers, but overall, precipitation decreases as the month progresses.
Humidity: Humidity levels gradually decrease in August as the rainy season subsides. Coastal areas may still experience relatively high humidity, ranging from 60% to 80%, while inland regions see a decrease in humidity levels.
Sunshine: Sunshine hours increase in August as cloud cover begins to dissipate with the end of the rainy season. While there may still be occasional overcast skies, expect more periods of sunshine, particularly in the mornings and early afternoons.
Winds: Variable winds continue to be common in August, with coastal areas experiencing occasional strong sea breezes. Inland regions may also have gusty winds accompanying passing weather systems.
Regional Variations:
Coastal Areas: August sees a decrease in rainfall along the coast, although occasional showers may still occur. The weather becomes more favorable for beach activities and water sports.
Northern Safari Circuit: The Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, and Tarangire National Park experience reduced rainfall in August, making it an excellent time for wildlife viewing. The landscape remains lush and green from earlier rains.
Southern Highlands: Rainfall decreases in regions like Iringa and Mbeya, with temperatures gradually warming up. Agricultural activities benefit from the moisture, and the landscape becomes vibrant with greenery.
Mount Kilimanjaro: August sees a decrease in precipitation on Mount Kilimanjaro, although occasional showers may still occur, especially at higher elevations. Trekkers can expect more favorable hiking conditions compared to earlier in the rainy season.
Overall, August offers improving weather conditions in Tanzania, with decreasing rainfall and increasing sunshine hours. It’s a great time for wildlife safaris, outdoor adventures, and trekking expeditions, as the landscape remains lush and vibrant from the earlier rains.
SEPTEMBER
In September, Tanzania transitions into the dry season, marking the end of the rainy season. Here’s what you can expect in terms of climate factors:
Temperature: September typically sees mild to warm temperatures across Tanzania. Coastal areas maintain temperatures ranging from 22°C to 28°C (72°F to 82°F), while inland regions experience similar conditions. Higher altitude areas like the Southern Highlands and Mount Kilimanjaro may have slightly cooler temperatures, ranging from 13°C to 23°C (55°F to 73°F).
Precipitation: September is one of the driest months in Tanzania, especially in central and northern regions. Rainfall is minimal, and the frequency of showers decreases significantly. Coastal areas may still experience occasional light showers, but overall, precipitation is scarce.
Humidity: Humidity levels decrease in September as the dry season sets in. Coastal areas may still experience moderate humidity, ranging from 50% to 70%, while inland regions see a further decrease in humidity levels.
Sunshine: Sunshine hours increase significantly in September as cloud cover dissipates with the onset of the dry season. Expect plenty of sunshine throughout the day, making it ideal for outdoor activities and wildlife viewing.
Winds: Variable winds are common during the transition between seasons, with coastal areas experiencing occasional sea breezes. Inland regions may have gentle to moderate breezes, but strong winds are rare during this time.
Regional Variations:
Coastal Areas: September sees minimal rainfall along the coast, with improving weather conditions for beach activities and water sports. Sunshine hours increase, creating pleasant conditions for travelers.
Northern Safari Circuit: The Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, and Tarangire National Park experience dry conditions in September, making it one of the best times for wildlife safaris. The landscape remains lush and green from earlier rains, providing excellent wildlife viewing opportunities.
Southern Highlands: September marks the beginning of the dry season in regions like Iringa and Mbeya. The landscape begins to dry out, and temperatures gradually increase, creating favorable conditions for outdoor activities.
Mount Kilimanjaro: September offers favorable hiking conditions on Mount Kilimanjaro, with minimal precipitation and clear skies. Trekkers can enjoy stunning views of the surrounding landscape as they ascend the mountain.
Overall, September brings dry and sunny weather to Tanzania, making it an excellent time for wildlife safaris, outdoor adventures, and beach holidays. Travelers can expect comfortable temperatures and clear skies, providing ideal conditions for exploring the diverse landscapes of the country.
OCTOBER
In October, Tanzania experiences the onset of the short rains, marking the transition from the dry season to the wet season. Here’s what you can expect in terms of climate factors:
Temperature: October generally sees mild to warm temperatures across Tanzania. Coastal areas maintain temperatures ranging from 22°C to 28°C (72°F to 82°F), while inland regions experience similar conditions. Higher altitude areas like the Southern Highlands and Mount Kilimanjaro may have slightly cooler temperatures, ranging from 13°C to 23°C (55°F to 73°F).
Precipitation: October marks the beginning of the short rainy season in Tanzania, especially in central and northern regions. While rainfall is not as intense as during the long rainy season, occasional showers and thunderstorms can be expected. Coastal areas may also experience increased rainfall during this time.
Humidity: Humidity levels begin to rise again in October as the rainy season sets in. Coastal areas may experience moderate humidity, ranging from 60% to 80%, while inland regions see a gradual increase in humidity levels.
Sunshine: Sunshine hours decrease slightly in October as cloud cover increases with the onset of the short rainy season. While there are still periods of sunshine, expect more overcast skies compared to the dry season months.
Winds: Variable winds are common during the transition between seasons, with coastal areas experiencing occasional sea breezes. Inland regions may have gentle to moderate breezes, but strong winds are rare during this time.
Regional Variations:
Coastal Areas: October sees increasing rainfall along the coast, with occasional heavy showers and thunderstorms. Travelers should be prepared for wet conditions, although there are still opportunities for beach activities during breaks in the rain.
Northern Safari Circuit: The Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, and Tarangire National Park experience the beginning of the short rainy season in October. While wildlife viewing is still possible, the landscape becomes greener, and some areas may be inaccessible due to muddy roads.
Southern Highlands: October marks the onset of the short rainy season in regions like Iringa and Mbeya. Rainfall increases, and temperatures remain mild. Agricultural activities benefit from the moisture, but travelers should be prepared for wet conditions.
Mount Kilimanjaro: October sees increasing precipitation on Mount Kilimanjaro, particularly at higher elevations. Trekkers should be prepared for wet and muddy trails, although weather conditions can be unpredictable.
Overall, October brings the onset of the short rainy season in Tanzania, with increasing rainfall and humidity levels across most regions. Travelers should be prepared for potential disruptions to outdoor activities due to the rainy weather and plan accordingly.
NOVEMBER
In November, Tanzania experiences the continuation of the short rainy season, with varying degrees of precipitation across different regions. Here’s what you can expect in terms of climate factors:
Temperature: November generally sees mild to warm temperatures across Tanzania. Coastal areas maintain temperatures ranging from 22°C to 28°C (72°F to 82°F), while inland regions experience similar conditions. Higher altitude areas like the Southern Highlands and Mount Kilimanjaro may have slightly cooler temperatures, ranging from 13°C to 23°C (55°F to 73°F).
Precipitation: November is typically characterized by increased rainfall, especially in central and northern regions. While not as intense as the long rainy season, showers and thunderstorms can still occur frequently, contributing to wet conditions. Coastal areas may also experience heavy rainfall during this time, leading to potential flooding in some areas.
Humidity: Humidity levels remain relatively high in November due to the ongoing rainfall. Coastal areas may experience moderate to high humidity, ranging from 60% to 80%, while inland regions also see elevated humidity levels.
Sunshine: Sunshine hours continue to decrease in November as cloud cover persists with the short rainy season. Overcast skies are common, although there may still be occasional periods of sunshine.
Winds: Variable winds are common during the rainy season, with coastal areas experiencing occasional sea breezes. Inland regions may have gentle to moderate breezes, but strong winds are rare during this time.
Regional Variations:
Coastal Areas: November sees continued rainfall along the coast, with occasional heavy showers and thunderstorms. Flooding may occur in some areas, leading to disruptions in travel plans and outdoor activities.
Northern Safari Circuit: The Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, and Tarangire National Park experience the short rainy season in November. Wildlife viewing can still be possible, but the landscape becomes greener, and road conditions may deteriorate due to mud.
Southern Highlands: November marks the continuation of the short rainy season in regions like Iringa and Mbeya. Rainfall persists, and temperatures remain mild. Travelers should be prepared for wet conditions and potential disruptions to outdoor activities.
Mount Kilimanjaro: November sees continued precipitation on Mount Kilimanjaro, particularly at higher elevations. Trekkers should be prepared for wet and muddy trails, although weather conditions can be unpredictable.
Overall, November brings continued wet and humid conditions to Tanzania, with increased rainfall and cloud cover across most regions. Travelers should be prepared for potential disruptions to outdoor activities due to the rainy weather and plan accordingly.
DECEMBER
In December, Tanzania experiences the transition from the short rainy season to the dry season, with weather conditions becoming more favorable for outdoor activities. Here’s what you can expect in terms of climate factors:
Temperature: December generally sees warm temperatures across Tanzania. Coastal areas maintain temperatures ranging from 23°C to 30°C (73°F to 86°F), while inland regions experience similar conditions. Higher altitude areas like the Southern Highlands and Mount Kilimanjaro may have slightly cooler temperatures, ranging from 15°C to 25°C (59°F to 77°F).
Precipitation: December marks the end of the short rainy season in Tanzania, with rainfall decreasing significantly, especially in central and northern regions. While there may still be occasional showers, precipitation becomes less frequent overall. Coastal areas may experience some residual rainfall at the beginning of the month.
Humidity: Humidity levels begin to decrease in December as the dry season sets in. Coastal areas may still experience moderate humidity, ranging from 50% to 70%, while inland regions see a gradual decrease in humidity levels.
Sunshine: Sunshine hours increase significantly in December as cloud cover dissipates with the onset of the dry season. Expect plenty of sunshine throughout the day, making it ideal for outdoor activities and beach outings.
Winds: Variable winds are common during the transition between seasons, with coastal areas experiencing occasional sea breezes. Inland regions may have gentle to moderate breezes, but strong winds are rare during this time.
Regional Variations:
Coastal Areas: December sees decreasing rainfall along the coast, with improving weather conditions for beach activities and water sports. Sunshine hours increase, creating pleasant conditions for travelers.

Northern Circuit: The Northern Safari Circuit: The Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, and Tarangire National Park experience dry conditions in December, making it one of the best times for wildlife safaris. The landscape remains lush and green from earlier rains, providing excellent wildlife viewing opportunities.
Southern Highlands: December marks the beginning of the dry season in regions like Iringa and Mbeya. The landscape starts to dry out, and temperatures gradually increase, creating favorable conditions for outdoor activities.
Mount Kilimanjaro: December offers favorable hiking conditions on Mount Kilimanjaro, with minimal precipitation and clear skies. Trekkers can enjoy stunning views of the surrounding landscape as they ascend the mountain.
Overall, December brings dry and sunny weather to Tanzania, making it an excellent time for wildlife safaris, outdoor adventures, and beach holidays. Travelers can expect comfortable temperatures, clear skies, and plenty of opportunities for exploration and relaxation.

 

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