Volcanoes National Park

About Volcanoes

Volcanoes National Park is renowned for its population of endangered mountain gorillas, making it one of the most sought-after destinations for wildlife enthusiasts and adventurers. The park covers an area of approximately 160 square kilometers and is characterized by lush rainforests, bamboo forests, and rugged volcanic terrain.


Volcanoes National Park is situated in the northwestern part of Rwanda, bordering Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is part of the Virunga Massif, a chain of volcanic mountains.

Key Attractions:

Mountain Gorilla Trekking: The park is home to approximately half of the world’s remaining mountain gorilla population, offering visitors a unique opportunity to observe these magnificent creatures in their natural habitat. Gorilla trekking permits are required and should be obtained in advance through the Rwanda Development Board or licensed tour operators.

Golden Monkey Tracking: In addition to mountain gorillas, Volcanoes National Park is home to a population of golden monkeys. Visitors can embark on guided treks to observe these playful primates amidst the bamboo forests.

Gorilla Volcano Hiking:The park is dotted with several dormant volcanoes, including Mount Karisimbi, Mount Bisoke, Mount Muhabura, Mount Gahinga, and Mount Sabyinyo. Hiking trails lead to the summits of these volcanoes, offering stunning panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes.

Cultural Experiences: Volcanoes National Park also offers opportunities to engage with the local communities and learn about their traditions, including visits to nearby villages, cultural performances, and interactions with indigenous people.

Best Time to Visit:

The dry seasons, from June to September and December to February, are considered the best times to visit Volcanoes National Park for gorilla trekking and other outdoor activities. During these months, the weather is relatively mild, and the trails are less muddy, making it easier to navigate through the forest.


Several accommodation options are available near Volcanoes National Park, ranging from luxury lodges to budget-friendly guesthouses. It’s advisable to book accommodation well in advance, especially during the peak gorilla trekking seasons, as availability can be limited.

Permits and Regulations:

Gorilla Trekking Permits: Gorilla trekking permits are limited and should be booked in advance. Each permit allows for one hour of observation with the gorillas and is accompanied by experienced guides and trackers.

Golden Monkey Permits: Permits for golden monkey tracking can also be obtained through the Rwanda Development Board or licensed tour operators.

Rules and Guidelines: Visitors are required to follow strict rules and guidelines during gorilla trekking and other activities to minimize disturbance to the wildlife and ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.

Health and Safety: 

Vaccinations: It is recommended to consult a healthcare professional regarding vaccinations and medications for diseases such as malaria and yellow fever before traveling to Rwanda.

Altitude Sickness: Some hiking trails in Volcanoes National Park reach high altitudes, so visitors should be aware of the symptoms of altitude sickness and take appropriate precautions.

Travel Insurance: Travel insurance with coverage for medical emergencies and evacuation is highly recommended for visitors to Volcanoes National Park.

Additional Tips:

 Pack Accordingly: Bring appropriate clothing and gear for outdoor activities, including sturdy hiking boots, rain gear, and warm layers for cooler temperatures at higher elevations.

Respect Wildlife: Always maintain a respectful distance from the wildlife and follow the instructions of guides and rangers to ensure the safety of both visitors and animals.

Support Conservation: Proceeds from permits and park fees contribute to the conservation of Volcanoes National Park and the protection of its precious wildlife.


Volcanoes National Park offers a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to experience the wonders of nature up close, from majestic mountain gorillas to breathtaking volcanic landscapes. With proper planning and preparation, a trip to this remarkable destination in Rwanda promises unforgettable memories and meaningful encounters with some of the world’s most iconic wildlife species.


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